Technote | GM-CSF (Qk076)

Animal-free, highly bioactive Granulocyte Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor


Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a hematopoietic growth factor involved in differentiating and activating monocytes and granulocytes. It is also involved in developing erythroid, megakaryocytes, and keratinocytes. It is commonly used in cell culture to stimulate the differentiation and maturation of human induced pluripotent stem cells or peripheral blood cells to myeloid lineages.

Animal-free growth factors can ensure that cell cultures are reproducible and physiologically relevant as they have higher lot-to-lot consistency and eliminate contamination from animal-derived ingredients. Qkine manufactures an animal-free, carrier-free, and tag-free GM-CSF to ensure high and consistent bioactivity. This technote demonstrates a comparable level of bioactivity to an alternative major supplier of granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor.


The bioactivity of Qk076 GM-CSF and bacterial-expressed GM-CSF from an alternative supplier is determined using the proliferation of TF-1 human myeloid leukemia cells. Cells are treated in triplicate with a serial dilution of GM-CSF for 48 hours. Cell viability is measured using the CellTiter-Glo (Promega) luminescence assay and normalized.


The bioactivity comparison demonstrates that Qkine GM-CSF (Qk076) has equivalent bioactivity to GM-CSF from an alternative major supplier. Qkine granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor provides a reliable source of highly pure animal-free GM-CSF for the reproducible culture of myeloid and other relevant hematopoietic cells.

Qkine GM-CSF, along with all Qkine recombinant proteins, come with a Bioactivity Guarantee.

Qkine GM-CSF protein bioactivity_competitor comparison

Quantitative luciferase reporter assay shows that both GM-CSF (Qk076, green) and alternative supplier GM-CSF (Supplier 1, black) have a high bioactivity with an EC50 of 15.4 ng/mL (1 nM) and 12.9 ng/mL (0.9 nM) respectively. Data for granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor Qk076 lot #204519.

All our recombinant proteins are animal-free
& come with Bioactivity. Guaranteed.

Featured resources

Why use animal-free growth factors?

Animal-free and xeno-free growth factor diagram

iPSC-derived pancreas & livers implants

Endoderm differentiation used for regenerative medicine applications

Thermostable FGF2-G3

Heat stable (thermostable) FGF-2 / bFGF for stem cell maintenance

Contact our expert team

Our dedicated team of stem cell specialists is available to answer any queries and to give expert support when required.

Contact our stem cell experts

Our dedicated team of stem cell specialists is available to answer any queries and to give expert support when required.