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  • Human/mouse/rat/bovine/porcine activin A protein is a TGFβ family growth factor used frequently for the maintenance of pluripotency in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) and embryonic stem cell (ESC) culture.   Activin A is also used in many stem cell differentiation protocols, including for directed differentiation into endoderm lineages such as hepatocyte and pancreatic cells.   This protein has been extensively validated for highly reproducible stem cell culture.  Qkine founder, Marko Hyvönen, developed the protocol for making high purity activin A and this protein is used at the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute. High purity mature bioactive dimer. Animal-free (AOF) and carrier-protein free (CF).  Rigorously benchmarked against other commercial sources.
  • Human/mouse/rat activin A PLUS protein is an optimised biologically active truncation of the mature domain of human Activin A protein.  The EC50 and activity in stem cell culture of activin A PLUS is equivalent to the full mature domain activin A. High purity 24 kDa dimer comprising truncated mature domain of activin A protein, animal-free (AF) and carrier-protein free (CF).  Recombinant activin A PLUS is designed to be manufactured at scale for cost-effective, large-scale stem cell culture applications.
  • Follistatin-resistant activin A (FRACTA) has been engineered to prevent binding to the natural inhibitor, follistatin.  Activin A activity protein is regulated in vivo by follistatin, a high-affinity inhibitor; follistatin accumulates in stem cell culture, where it inhibits activin A. Qk035 follistatin-resistant activin A (FRACTA) has equivalent bioactivity to wild-type activin A (Qk001) but does not bind follistatin so is resistant to feedback inhibition. High purity 26 kDa dimer comprising engineered mature domain of activin A protein, animal-free (AF) and carrier-protein free (CF). This specialised activin A has been developed in Marko Hyvönen’s group in the University of Cambridge.
  • Human BMP4 (bone morphogenetic protein 4) protein is a key regulator of embryogenesis and supports the differentiation of embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells. In addition, BMP4 plays roles in the differentiation of mesenchymal cells to adipocytes, epithelial cancer EMT, and regulating neuronal and glial cell development. Highly pure 26 kDa disulfide–linked bioactive dimer comprised of the mature domain of human BMP4 protein (animal-free and carrier protein-free).
  • Human EGF protein is a potent EGF-family growth factor used in many human and mouse organoid and stem cell culture systems including intestinal and tumor (cancer) organoid culture. A pure 6.3 kDa biologically active mature human epidermal growth factor. Our recombinant EGF protein is manufactured to the highest purity in E. coli and extensively tested, making it ideal for use in chemically defined iPSC, ESC and organoid culture media.
  • Human FGF2 /bFGF protein (145 aa) is our gold-standard and recommended FGF2 / bFGF protein for induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) and embryonic stem cells (ESC) maintenance, and induced pluripotent and mesenchymal stem cells proliferation and differentiation. High purity and bioactivity 17 kDa FGF2 / bFGF protein, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF) comprising the core structured region (145 amino acids) sufficient for full biological activity.
  • Human FGF-2 / bFGF protein (154 aa) is a highly bioactive, long–form of human fibroblast growth factor 2 protein.   FGF-2 protein is used to support the maintenance of human embryonic stem cells and proliferation and differentiation of induced pluripotent and mesenchymal stem cells. This 154 aa form of FGF-2 comprises the core structured region and N-terminal extension. High purity and bioactivity 17 kDa FGF-2 / bFGF protein, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF).
  • FGF2-G3 (145 aa) protein is a thermostable engineered form of FGF-2 (bFGF). Qk052 comprises the 145 aa form of FGF-2 (Qk025) with the nine amino acid substitutions developed by Dvorak et al. 2018. This increases the functional half-life of the protein from <10 h (wild-type) to >7 days (FGF2-G3 145 aa). FGF2-G3 is used in B8 media (Kuo et al. 2019) for weekend free, high homogeneity induced pluripotent stem cell culture. This new 145 aa thermostable FGF-2 protein allows direct comparison of efficacy in systems using FGF-2 145 aa (Qk025) for chemically defined stem cell and organoid culture media, and cultured meat media development. High purity 16 kDa bioactive FGF2-G3 145 aa protein. Animal-free (AOF), carrier protein-free and with no His-tag.
  • FGF2-G3 (FGF2-STAB®) protein is a thermostable engineered form of FGF-2 (bFGF). Qk053 is the 154 aa mature domain of FGF-2 (Qk027) with nine amino acid substitutions to enhance stability without impacting bioactivity developed by Dvorak et al. 2018. This increases the functional half-life of the protein from <10 h (wild-type) to >7 days (FGF2-G3). FGF2-G3 is used in B8 media (Kuo et al. 2019) for weekend free, high homogeneity induced pluripotent stem cell culture. FGF2-G3 also has applications in chemically defined stem cell and organoid culture media, and cultured meat media development. High purity 17 kDa bioactive FGF2-G3 protein. Animal-free (AOF), carrier protein-free and with no His-tag.
  • Bovine/porcine FGF2 protein (bFGF/basic FGF) for development of species specific bovine (cow) and porcine (pig) cellular agriculture protocols and veterinary research applications. FGF-2 is used extensively in maintenance and proliferation of induced pluripotent (iPSC) and embryonic stem cells (ESC)1-3  and for enhancement of proliferation in primary cell culture. High purity 16 kDa FGF-2 / bFGF protein, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF).
  • mouse FGF2 / bFGF protein is an important factor in the maintenance of mouse epiblast-derived stem cells (EpiSC). Mouse naïve pluripotency is maintained by LIF, BMP4, and Wnt signalling pathways. However, the primed state of pluripotency in mouse EpiSCs is more similar to hESC and hiPSC, being maintained by FGF2 and TGFβ/Activin/Nodal pathways.1,2 High purity and bioactivity 16 kDa murine bFGF / FGF2 (basic FGF) protein, animal-origin free (AOF) and carrier-protein free (CF).
  • Zebrafish FGF-2 protein (bFGF/basic FGF) has been used extensively to support the maintenance and proliferation of human and mouse induced pluripotent (iPSC) and embryonic stem cells (ESC); used in the original Ludwig et al feeder-free culture of embryonic stem cells protocols 1-3. High purity 17 kDa FGF2 / bFGF protein, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF).  This version of recombinant zebrafish FGF2 is used by the core facility at the Cambridge Stem Cell Institute, UK and historically by many of the stem cell groups based at University of Cambridge.
  • Human FGF-4 protein is used for the proliferation and differentiation of embryonic and induced-pluripotent and tissue (mesenchymal) stem cells and promotes neural stem cell proliferation.  FGF-4 is an important component of cardiac, intestinal and other organoid culture media. High purity and bioactivity 14 kDa non-glycosylated, bioactive domain of human fibroblast growth factor 4, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF).
  • Human/rat/porcine/bovine FGF10 protein promotes lung organoid formation and induces branching morphology.  FGF10 protein is used widely in organoid culture, embryonic stem cell (ESC) and induced-pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) differentiation, and for the study of epithelial to mesenchymal transition and tumor metastasis. High purity and bioactivity 17 kDa non-glycosylated, bioactive domain of human fibroblast growth factor 10, animal-derived component free (ACDF) and carrier-protein free (CF).
  • Human/bovine/porcine Gremlin 1 protein is a BMP-inhibitor present in the natural intestinal niche and provides an alternative to Noggin for optimisation of intestinal organoid culture and iPSC differentiation. Qk015 has been optimized by our experts for exceptionally high-purity production in E.coli and bioactivity. 18 kDa high purity dimeric protein, animal-free and carrier protein free
  • Human IGF-1 LR3, insulin-like growth factor long arginine 3, protein is a synthetic form of IGF-1 with an N-terminal protein extension that improves potency and metabolic stability. IGF-1 LR3 is often used in the maintenance of human pluripotent stem cells1 Highly pure and bioactive 9 kDa IGR-1 LR3 protein monomer, animal-free (AF) and carrier-protein free (CF)
  • Human IGF-1 (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor 1, protein is used in the maintenance of human pluripotent stem cells and is necessary for cell growth in the absence of insulin1. IGF-1 promotes the proliferation of many cell types, including mesenchymal stem cells, in vitro. Highly pure and bioactive 8 kDa IGF-1 protein, animal-free (AF) and carrier-protein free (CF)
  • Human LIF (leukemia inhibitory factor) protein suppresses the differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and is widely used in ESC and iPSC culture.1 Qkine human LIF protein is high purity and animal and carrier-protein free for reproducible results.
  • Mouse LIF (murine leukemia inhibitory factor) protein maintains the pluripotency and self-renewal of mouse  embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. Qkine recombinant mouse LIF protein is animal-free and carrier-protein free for highly reproducible results. Bioactivity was tested by colony formation assay and determination of Nanog expression.1
  • Human NRG-1 (Neuregulin 1) protein is frequently used in the maintenance of human pluripotent stem cells.  In addition to its widespread use in stem cell culture media, NRG-1 (also known as Heregulin-β1 , HRG-1) has essential roles in vivo including in nervous system, cardiac, and mammary gland development; cancer biology and neurological disorders. 7.5 kDa highly pure, bioactive domain of human NRG-1, comprised of the β isoform of the EGF-like domain of NRG-1 (HRG1-B1). This NRG-1 protein monomer is animal-free (AF) and carrier-protein free (CF).

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